Regardless of the type of systems change in which one is engaged, success can only be measured if goals for such change are established. A good example is the Madison Metropolitan School District’s (MMSD) current effort to revise its discipline policy (the current draft is now dubbed the “Behavior Education Plan).” While it appears that these important revisions represent an effort at systemic change away from zero tolerance disciplinary practice, it is impossible to tell whether the changes will truly result in the desired systemic change because the current draft does not establish specific short or long-term goals.
A good place to start is with an examination of the most current available discipline data for MMSD which is from the 2011-12 school year. That data reveals the following for that year:
- 8.1% of all students were suspended.
- 10.4% of all boys were suspended.
- 10.2% of all Native American students were suspended.
- 23.7% of all African American students were suspended.
- 22.7% of all students with disabilities were suspended.
The problem with excessive suspension peaks in MMSD’s middle schools as:
- 13.7% of all 6th grade students were suspended; and
- 18% of all 7th grade students were suspended.
Interestingly, during that year, the largest single category of suspensions resulted from violations of school rules which were not weapon, drug, or assault related.
So, as we grapple with a significant overhaul of the school district’s behavior policies, the question for the MMSD administration, school board, and community is:
How should these numbers change in 1 year, 3 years and 5 years?
If goals for improving these dismal numbers are not set, then it will be impossible for the school board, administration and Madison community to determine if the new behavior policies are having their intended effect.
If the school district fails to set those goals, those of us who want to see Madison truly progress beyond zero tolerance policies and into genuine behavior education that leads to academic success, will need to set those goals for the school district and hold the MMSD school board and administration accountable for the success or failure of achieving those goals.
Studies show that increased time in instruction driven by implementation of school-wide behavior support instead of punitive zero tolerance practices, leads to increased academic success.
Accordingly, MMSD should also set reasonable goals to improve the academic performance of its students so that we move beyond this dismal graduation rate data from the 2011-12 when:
- 86.7% of white 12th graders graduated in the expected 4 years; but
- only 63.2% of Latino 12th graders graduated in 4 years;
- 53.1% of African-American 12th graders graduated in 4 years; and
- 46.2% of students with disabilities graduated in 4 years.
So, let’s set realistic goals to keep students in school and improve their academic success. Failure to do so will result in further behavioral and academic failure which continues to fuel the schools to prison pipeline.